Welcome to the Lushious Lifts Workout Glossary.
Everything you need to know all in one place!
This is a place where you can find fitness and/or personal trainer lingo found on lushious LIFTS that you may not be familiar with. I will continue to add to this list as new terms are being used within my posts. I will do my best to keep these in alphabetical order, and hope that my short explanations will help you. 🙂
ABDUCTION: lateral movement away from the body
AMRAP: As Many Rounds As Possible; a set time to do as much work as you can. See AMRAP workouts HERE.
ADDUCTION: medial movement toward the body
BB: short for Barbell; a large bar (varies from 4 – 8 feet) which free weights can be added to on each side. Used for bench pressing, deadlifts, presses, squatting & various other exercises
CATABOLIC: breaks down muscle (muscle eating)
COMPOUND EXERCISE: an exercise which targets more than one muscle group
CONCENTRIC CONTRACTION: the contraction of a muscle which results it to shorten
DB: short for Dumbbell; a small hand-held free weight which can be used for various exercises individually or in pairs, one in each hand
DOMS: Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness – it’s the “burn” feeling you get after a workout while your muscles are repairing from the tears in the muscle tissue that you caused! ???? This can last anywhere from 24 – 48 hours post workout. The BEST way to help prevent this from being so bad you can’t move is to eat a well-balanced & nutritional meal post workout.
DYNAMIC CONTRACTION: the contraction of a muscle resulting in movement
DYNAMIC STABILIZER: a muscle that simultaneously moves through two joints with little change in length (shortening the target joint and lengthening the adjacent joint) This type of stabilization occurs mostly through compound exercises.
ECCENTRIC CONTRACTION: the contraction of a muscle which results in lengthening
EXTENSION: straightening the joint to increase the angle
HYPEREXTENSION: extending the joint beyond normal limit
ISOLATED EXERCISE: an exercise which involves one joint movement
ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION: the contraction of a muscle without movement
KB: short for Kettlebell – a cast iron (usually) weight which resembles a cannonball with a handle
PLATEAU: to reach a level, period, or condition of stability or maximum attainment
PRONE: lying face down
REP(S)/REPETITION(S): each time you perform a movement of an exercise
example: || 1 bicep curl, 2 bicep curls….10 bicep curls. See reps explained HERE.
SET: a specific number of repetitions which will total one complete set
example: || 2 sets of 10 bicep curls or 5 sets of 20 squats. See sets explained HERE.
STABILIZER: a muscle that contracts with no significant movement to maintain a posture
SUPERSET: A superset is performing two exercises that work different muscles together, either with no rest or very minimal rest. (rest is obviously decided upon the type of program you are working with) (and sometimes, depending on the workout, you can superset the same muscle group, using different areas within the muscle)
SUPINE: lying face up
SYNERGIST: a muscle that assists another muscle to accomplish movement
TARGET: the primary muscle intended for exercise
TEMPO: the speed at which an exercise is preformed. See tempo explained HERE.
WOD: Workout of the day
ADDUCTORS: also known as the inner thigh
BRACHIORADIALIS: also known as the forearm
BRACHIALIS: also known as the lower biceps
BICEPS BRACHII: also known as the biceps or upper arm
DELTOID: (Lateral) also known as the side of the shoulder
DELTOID: (Posterior) also known as the rear delts or rear shoulder
DELTOID: (Anterior) also known as the front delts or front of shoulder
ERECTOR SPINAE: also known as the lower back (this muscle supports your spine)
GASTROCNEMIUS: also known as the calf muscle
GLUTES: also known as the butt! The glutes are made up of 3 muscles; Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius & Gluteus Minimus
HAMSTRINGS: also known as the back of the thigh
ILIOPSOAS: also known as hip flexors (or psoas)
INFRASPINATUS: also known as the rotator cuff
LATISSIMUS DORSI: also known as the lats
OBLIQUES: also known as the waist or “side of abs”
PECTORALIS MINOR: also known as the chest or front of shoulder
PECTORALIS MAJOR: (Sternal Head) also known as the chest
PECTORALIS MAJOR: (Clavicular Head) also known as the upper pecs or upper chest
QUADRICEPS: also known as the front of the thigh
RECTUS ABDOMINIS: also known as the waist or abdominal area (abs)
RHOMBOIDS: also known as the middle back
SOLEUS: also known as the side calf muscle
TERES MAJOR: also known as the outer back (the lats little helper lol!)
TERES MINOR: also known as the rotary cuff
TRANSVERSE ABDOMINIS: also known as the internal abs (this muscle supports your internal organs)
TRAPEZIUS: (Lower) also known as the middle back or lower traps
TRAPEZIUS: (Middle) also known as the upper back
TRAPEZIUS: (Upper) also known as the traps
TRICEPS BRACHII: also known as the rear of arm
TIBIALIS ANTERIOR: also known as the shin
If you think there’s something I’ve missed, or if there is something you would like to see here, send me a quick email by filling out this form and let me know! I’m more than happy to assist!